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Multi-material Assembly (MA) : WORKSHOP #2


During the MA workshop, students will work in groups and will explore multi-material assembly of components consisting of EPS, concrete, (and smart devices).
The groups are divided in beginners and advanced as follows:

Group 1 (beginners): TUD-MSc 1 consisting of 3 sub-groups
Group 2 (advanced): TUD-MSc 3 and DIA consisting of 2 sub-groups


Group 1 (G1) students will design customizable multi-material interactive urban furniture to be placed along the Elbe river in Dessau. Suggested location is near the historical Kornhaus (http://www.kornhaus-dessau.de/, http://bit.ly/2yivsCY). The multi-material pieces of furniture such as stools/chairs, benches, pavilions, and water taxi/info/food booths will be proof of concept for: Process- and material-efficiency achieved through smart robotic (i.e. selective) material deposition and/or subtraction. Materials considered are EPS, concrete, and coatings.

Group 2 (G2) students will integrate in the multi-material pieces of furniture sensor-actuators, which will be proof of concept for:
- Process- and material-efficiency achieved through smart robotic (i.e. selective) material deposition and/or subtraction. Materials considered are EPS, concrete, and coatings.
- Smart operation by integrating sensor-actuators such as light dependent resistors, infrared distance sensor, pressure sensor, etc. informing lights, speakers, ventilators, and/or umbrellas/reconfigurable shading components, etc. in order to allow users to customize operation and use of the urban furniture.
Group 2 students are asked to use as initial input topology a part of previously designed stage-pavilion titled Echosphere (http://gsm.hyperbody.nl/index.php/Msc2G3:Group) and/or MSc 2 prototypes from previous MSc 2. This initial input is only a departure point, which during the workshop may differentiate depending on the focus of each sub-group.

The workshop will involve:
- Design development based on mapping the human body with its requirements in relation to use and environmental conditions;
- Design computation, design to production experiments and prototyping.
The deliverables include computational models, systemic representation of workflows and data exchange between multiple plugins and sub-algorithms as well as interoperability between digital and physical modules. Each group may deliver specific customized methods of material properties and behaviour simulations implemented in the design process. Moreover a flowchart diagram of process as well as a short video of design to production experiments and prototyping are considered as key deliverables of this workshop.

Subgroups and groups dynamics
G1 consists of 3 subgroups, each focusing on the development of a piece of urban furniture as part of a collection of pieces sharing common characteristics in terms of design and functionalities. The subgroups will all work on design i.e. Material Hybridity.

G2 consists of 2 subgroups, one focusing on design and the other one on production of an urban furniture. The design subgroup addressing Material Hybridity will communicate and coordinate design with the production group, which is focusing on Componential Assembly.

G2 - Material Hybridity
This group's focus is on the integration of two materials together, in this case, Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) with Fibre Reinforced Concrete. This group implements robotic milling combined with hot wire cutting and concrete casting to create a hybrid urban furniture.
G2 - Componential Assembly
The focus of this group is the assembly of components. The production subgroup here works with the gripper and multi-directional assemblage using the robotic arm. Moreover, the design explores interlocking systems of robotically produced components.


Monday 16/10
- Introduction, groups/sub-groups formation, and site visit
- Design brainstorming sessions

Tuesday 17/10
- Design sessions
- Prototyping planning

Wednesday 18/10
- Design review
- Prototyping

Thursday 19/10
- Design development and documentation
- Prototyping and or proof of concept

Friday 20/10
- Presentation
- Final submission


Rhino / Grasshopper
Grasshopper plugins:
- Kangaroo (physical + interactive simulations)
- Karamba (structural optimization)
- Millipede (topological optimization)
- Silkworm (3D printing/G-Code creation)
- Kuka PRC (robotic control)
- Ladybug Tools (environmental analysis and more)
- Weaverbird (topological mesh editing)
- mesh+ (mesh editing)

3D Scanning
3DF Zephyr Free (3D scanning with videos)

Material simulation


Henriette Bier, Sina Mostafavi, Yu-Chou Chiang and Arwin Hidding


TUD-MSc 3: Chong Du, Erik Zanetti, Floris van Buren, Jihong Duan, Roel Westrik, Rosanne le Roij, Tim Mechielsen, Turkuaz Nacafi
TUD-MSc 1: Andrea Costa, Arav Kumar, Bewar Ahmed, Dafne Sara Swank, Edwin Vermeer, Heeyoun Kim, Hidde Manders, Mary Ann Berendson Villnueva, Nino Schoonen, Oscar Borgström, Rebecca Lopes Cardozo, Sjoerd de Roij, Szymon Lapaj, Theona Kessaris, Timea Sándor, Yamoh Rasa, Koen Martens
DIA: Arise Wan Mei Lhen, Dineshraj, Dylan Degvzman, Mahmoud Meligy, Mitkovets Lada, Mohmed Maharram, Mohyla Oleksandr, Rahul Bagga